The oasis town of Dunhuang is one of the most important stops on the Silk Road. It is the place where the road splits into the Northern Silk Road and the Southern Silk Road. It is also the first (or last, depending on your direction) major stop for ancient merchants.
The above photo is from Minsha Shan, a sand dune park-type area in Dunhuang. Visitors can ride on camels, sled down the sand dunes, and visit the fascinating Crescent Moon Springs, which is a small oasis in the middle of this desert. The spring has been providing water for the town for hundreds of years.
But what Dunhuang is most famous for are the Mogao Grottoes, a series of caves that houses thousands of Buddhist art and sculpture. Photography is not allowed inside, so the most famous image of the grottoes is the facade.
Visitors are given a guide with the entrance fee, who takes them to visit around 8 caves. Be prepared for crowds, as this is the biggest attraction in Dunhuang. Also, since it’s outdoors, make sure to bring some sunblock and hat, as the sun is pretty strong. And since you’re in the middle of the Gobi Desert, it’s also hot and dry.
If anyone is interested in the Silk Road, Dunhuang is a must see.